1920212223242522 of 79
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Is the fire performance of phase change materials a significant barrier to implementation in building applications?
Fire Safety Engineering, Lund University, Sweden.
Fire Safety Engineering, Lund University, Sweden.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7140-4737
2024 (English)In: Journal of Energy Storage, ISSN 2352-152X, E-ISSN 2352-1538, Vol. 94, article id 112421Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the reaction-to-fire behaviour of building materials containing phase change materials by predicting their fire classification according to the European reaction-to-fire classification system (Euroclasses). While various building materials containing PCMs exist today, their application in buildings has been somewhat limited due to the fire behaviour of these building materials. Existing research has focused on small scale testing which does not allow determination of the Euroclass of the material. In this application, large scale performance is predicted based on previously published small scale data to provide some valuable insights into the expected fire performance of these materials. As a starting point, a systematic literature review on phase change materials (PCM) and fire behaviour was conducted, with the purpose of identifying all existing literature concerning experimental investigation of the fire behaviour of building materials containing PCMs. In total, 816 articles were selected from the literature search. After screening of these papers, 51 articles were fully reviewed and included in the next step of the study. In the next step, the reaction-to-fire behaviour of the building materials with PCMs that were identified from the literature was predicted using the ConeTools simulation program. The input data required for ConeTools was obtained from the identified literature. Initially, 27 of the 51 studies used cone calorimetry as a fire testing method and could therefore be considered for the Euroclass assessment. However, of the 27 studies, only 17 studies provided information on both the heat release rates (HRR) and time to ignition (TTI) and were selected for use in the ConeTools program. The ConeTools program predicted Euroclasses for all the building materials containing PCMs from the selected 17 studies. The predicted Euroclasses for most materials was low (i.e. fire classes ‘D' or ‘E or worse') which confirms that materials containing PCMs generally have a low react-to-fire behaviour even with addition of flame retardants (FR). Our findings indicate that the fire behaviour, typically Euroclass ‘D' or ‘E or worse', of the building materials containing PCMs is indeed a barrier to their implementation in the building applications where Euroclass C or higher is required, e.g. in evacuation pathways or certain public spaces. The predictions of the Euroclasses based on ConeTools need to be confirmed using Single Burning Item tests (EN 13823) and/or Room Corner tests (ISO 9705) in the future, to enable a better understanding of fire behaviour of these building materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024. Vol. 94, article id 112421
Keywords [en]
Phase change material, Building, Construction, Fire, High temperature, Elevated temperature
National Category
Building Technologies
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-106772DOI: 10.1016/j.est.2024.112421OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-106772DiVA, id: diva2:1868014
Note

Full text license: CC BY 4.0;

Available from: 2024-06-11 Created: 2024-06-11 Last updated: 2024-06-11

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2020 kB)24 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2020 kBChecksum SHA-512
a86a8d625383426aef110fb830a4ca6343f18309bf28b9016e16d1d7682d3f72e6cbb07b48255d30fe119e3c14a3019ee1501c3055f87396ef0a3efec2dfad99
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPublisher´s full text

Authority records

Försth, Michael

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Försth, Michael
By organisation
Structural and Fire Engineering
In the same journal
Journal of Energy Storage
Building Technologies

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 24 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 96 hits
1920212223242522 of 79
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf