Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
123456 1 - 50 av 265
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Aguilera, Roberto F.
    et al.
    Curtin University, Australia.
    Radetzki, Marian
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Climate Policy with Low Oil Prices2016Ingår i: JPT: Journal of Petroleum Technology, ISSN 0149-2136, E-ISSN 1944-978X, Vol. 68, nr 2, s. 16-18Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Akimaya, Muhammad
    et al.
    Department of Accounting and Finance, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Academic Belt Road, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia.
    Dahl, Carol
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap. Payne Institute of Public Policy, Colorado School of Mines, Engineering Hall Room 128, 816 15th Street, Golden, CO 80401, United States of America.
    Political power, economic trade-offs, and game theory in Indonesian gasoline subsidy reform2022Ingår i: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 92, artikel-id 102782Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Gasoline subsidies distort the gasoline market resulting in inefficiencies and a costly burden in government budget. In Indonesia, they have taken up to 15 % of the government expenditures that arguably could be better spent elsewhere. Governments are aware of these costs, yet face difficulties in removing the policy. Governments would like to release the subsidy fund for other programs while still maintaining political power. Simultaneously, a reform will reduce the purchasing of the population and thus, it is commonly met with strong public resistance. The general population can influence the government’s decision to carry out a reform by exerting pressure that may affect the country’s political stability. There is a vast economics literature analysing the economic impact from a subsidy reform. Meanwhile, the government’s hesitancy is analysed in the political science literature. We combined these two fields by developing a quantitative game theory model to show the interaction between the government and the general population. The model is based on Indonesian data but provides a framework that can be applied elsewhere. Different policy removal schemes are simulated including completely or partially phasing-out the subsidy with and without compensation. An important take-away from our analysis is that it provides a framework showing governments what they have to quantify in order to make an informed policy decision. Another important implication is that the success of the policy reform is highly dependent on the selectorates trust to the government. It strongly supports the political science recommendations of building trust through transparency and inclusion.

  • 3.
    Allard, Christina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Mineralutvinning i norska Sápmi: Beaktandet av samiska rättigheter i tillståndsprocessen och Nussir-gruvan i Finnmark2021Ingår i: Nordisk miljörättslig tidskrift, E-ISSN 2000-4273, Vol. 1, s. 7-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mineralutvinning i traditionella samiska områden orsakar markanvändningskonflikter, och tillståndsprocesserna är komplicerade och långdragna. Det gäller i Norge såväl som i Sverige. Samernas status som urfolk och vilka hänsyn som ska tas till samiska intressen och rättigheter vid beslutsprocesserna är något oklara och flera lagar samverkar. Denna artikel syftar till att redogöra för de norskareglerna som avser att skydda samiska intressen och rättigheter i tillståndsprocessen, med huvudfokuspå den norska minerallagen. Artikeln illustrerar även hur reglerna har tillämpats i praktiken genom det kontroversiella gruvprojektet Nussir som 2019 fått grönt ljus för att starta upp gruvdrifti Finnmark, där specifika regler för att skydda samiska intressen gäller vilka avser att genomföra kraven från ILO-konventionen 169 om ursprungsfolkoch stamfolk i självstyrande länder. Reglernastillämpning och Nussir-gruvan diskuteras sedan bl.a. avseende vad som krävs för att gruvbolag ska kunna bedriva verksamhet parallellt med samisk renskötsel. Det visar sig att långtgående villkor kan ställas i förhållande till driftkoncessionen för att en samexistens ska vara möjlig. Även om de berörda renbetesdistrikten menade att anpassningarna av gruvverksamheten inte var tillräckliga – renskötseln är hårt trängd av andra befintligaoch planerade verksamheter i området – indikerar beslutet ändå på vad som är ”acceptabelt” och genomvillkoren institutionaliseras social hållbarhet och de kostnader som detta medför för gruvdrift i Sápmi.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Allard, Christina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Sami land rights: Recent developments in swedish case law2022Ingår i: European Yearbook of Minority Issues / [ed] Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark; Florian Bieber; Arie Bloed; Bill Bowring; Ilze Brands Kehris; Zsuzsa Csergo; Magdalena Dembinska; Rainer Hofmann; Jennifer Jackson Preece; Tove H. Malloy; Joseph Marko; Roberta Medda-Windischer; John Packer; Francesco Palermo; Petra Roter; Eduardo Ruiz Vieytez; Peter Rutland; Sherrill Stroschein; Markku Suksi; Alexandra Xanthaki, Brill Nijhoff, 2022, 19, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 221-238Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Indigenous Sami people traditionally live in what is now Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Russia. A crucial matter for Indigenous peoples, including the Sami living in Sweden, is that of the recognition of their land rights and access to their traditional lands. This article’s aim is to present and analyse recent case law developments in Sweden that relate to the recognition and protection of Sami land rights, specifically the Girjas and Talma cases, through legal-scientific and textual analyses and relevant legal literature. Both cases concern Sami reindeer herding rights in Sweden and the Swedish state as defendant. These cases raise complex legal issues and historical circumstances, demonstrating the need for the Swedish state to treat Sami land rights as equal to other civil rights in Swedish society, in line with international human rights law.

  • 5.
    Allard, Christina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Sámi rights in the sustainable transition-concluding remarks2023Ingår i: The Significance of Sámi Rights: Law, Justice, and Sustainability for the Indigenous Sámi in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Dorothée Cambou; Øyvind Ravna, Taylor and Francis , 2023, 1, s. 183-202Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 6.
    Allard, Christina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Brännström, Malin
    Silvermuseet/The Institute for Arctic Landscape Research (INSARC). Umeå University, Department of Law, Sweden.
    Girjas Reindeer Herding Community v. Sweden: Analysing the Merits of the Girjas Case2021Ingår i: Arctic Review on Law and Politics, ISSN 1891-6252, E-ISSN 2387-4562, Vol. 12, s. 56-79Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For the first time in the Swedish Supreme Court, a small Sami reindeer herding community has won an important victory affirming the community’s small game hunting and fishing rights. Because of protracted use and the concept of immemorial prescription, the Court recognised the community’s exclusive hunting and fishing rights, including the right to lease these rights to others. Such leases have long been prohibited by legislation and the State has retained its powers to administer such leases. This case signifies a considerable development in the area of Sami law. In its decision, the Supreme Court made some adjustments to the age-old doctrine of immemorial prescription, and provided insights into how historic evidence should be evaluated when the claimant is an Indigenous people. A common motivator for these adjustments is an enhanced awareness of international standards protecting Indigenous peoples and minorities. Even ILO Convention No. 169 – the only legally binding convention concerning Indigenous rights, but which Sweden has not yet ratified – is relevant when it comes to evaluating Sami customary uses. The Court addressed the problem of gaps in the historical material and used evidence from other parts of Swedish Lapland and adjacent time-periods, making reasonable assumptions to fill in these gaps. The Court imposes on the State the burden of proof regarding the extinguishment of already established Sami rights, as well as proof that extinguishment by legislation or expropriation, is “clear and definitive”. These conditions were not met in this case.

  • 7.
    Allard, Christina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Curran, Deborah
    Faculty of Law and School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
    Indigenous Influence and Engagement in Mining Permitting in British Columbia, Canada: Lessons for Sweden and Norway?2023Ingår i: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 72, nr 1, s. 1-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mine developments in Indigenous territories risk disrupting Indigenous cultures and their economies, including spiraling already high levels of conflict. This is the situation in Canada, Sweden, and Norway, as elsewhere, and is fostered by current state legal framework that reflect historical trajectories, although circumstances are gradually changing. Promising institutional changes have taken place in British Columbia (BC), Canada, with respect to new legislative reforms. Notably, new legislation from 2019 intends to implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in the province, by promoting consent-based and collaborative decision-making mechanisms. New environmental assessment legislation is another example; this legislation includes early engagement, collaborative decision-making, and Indigenous-led assessments. The article’s aim is, first, to analyze how Indigenous communities can influence and engage in the mining permitting system of BC, and, secondly, to highlight the positive features of the BC system using a comparative lens to identify opportunities for Sweden and Norway regarding mining permitting and Indigenous rights. Applying a legal-scientific and comparative analysis, the article analyzes traditional legal sources. The article concludes that the strong points that the BC regime could offer the two Nordic countries are: the concept of reconciliation, incorporation of UNDRIP, the spectrum of consultation and engagement approaches, and the structure of environmental assessments. All three jurisdictions, however, struggle with balancing mine developments and securing Indigenous authority and influence over land uses in their traditional territories.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Climate element of migration decision in Ghana: Micro Evidence2015Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Effect of gold mining on income distribution in Ghana2016Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Essays on the economics of multifunctional forests, migration and climate change2017Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis compiles five papers that independently cover issues on multifunctional forest, migration and climate change. Paper I addresses these questions: What is the effect of site quality on forest growth rate and variability in forest growth? How does site quality impact on ecosystem services, that is, timber production and carbon sequestration? Site quality indicator was found to positively affect forest growth and growth rate, and decreases uncertainty in the productivity. Using dynamic optimization model, Paper II estimates the economic value of site quality taking into account its interaction with timber value and carbon sequestration in Swedish forest. Analytical results showed that net present value when considering ecosystem services provided by the forest and its interaction with site quality is higher than in the case without site quality interaction. Paper III links educational attainment to internal migration decisions with much on rural-urban perspective using Ghana as a case study. The effect of educational attainment on migration decisions in 2005/2006 for urban in-migrant was found to be higher than the effect for rural in-migrant, with its significance varying for the different stages of educational attainment. In absolute terms, whereas the effect of secondary educational attainment on migration decisions for urban in-migrant is higher than for rural in-migrant, the reverse holds for higher educational attainment during the period 2012/2013. Paper IV examines the effect of climate element on internal migration decisions using similar methods and data as for Paper III. Whereas temperature positively affects the probability to migrate, aridity index negatively affects migration decisions. Individuals tend to move to the rural areas relative to urban areas with an increase in precipitation and or a decrease in aridity. Paper V explores the effect of climate variability and socio-economic factors on the number of infectious disease patients in Sweden. Temperature showed a linear negative effect on the number of patients, but a non-linear relationship when winter temperature is used. Conversely, a positive effect of precipitation on the number of patients is found, with modest heterogeneity in the effect of climate variables on the number of patients across disease classifications observed. Socio-economic factors were found to correlate with number of patients. We found significant persistence in the number of infectious disease patients but found only temperature and income as dominant drivers in a dynamic model.

  • 11.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    et al.
    Environment for Development, University of Gothenburg, Box 645, SE 405 30, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Amuakwa Mensah, Salome
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Klege, Rebecca Afua
    School of Economics, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa; Henry J Austin Health Center, 321 N. Warren Street, Trenton, 08618, New Jersey, USA.
    Adom, Philip Kofi
    Department of Development Policy, School of Public Service and Governance, Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (GIMPA), Ghana.
    Stockpiling and food worries: Changing habits and choices in the midst of COVID-19 pandemic2022Ingår i: Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, ISSN 0038-0121, E-ISSN 1873-6041, Vol. 82 A, artikel-id 101181Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Albeit, governments have instituted strong containment measures in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, concerns of continuous local spread and economic impact of the virus are impacting global food chains and food security. This paper investigates the effect of concern about the i) local spread and ii) economic impact of COVID-19, on the change in the amount of food and necessities bought in twelve Sub-Sahara African countries. In addition, we examine if these effects are channeled through food worries. The study uses a unique survey dataset by GeoPoll collected in April 2020 (first round) and May 2020 (second round) and employs a multinomial logit and generalized structural equation models. We find significant effect of concern about COVID-19 on change in the package size of food and necessities bought, which is heterogeneous across gender group and rural-urban divide. Our results reveal that concerns of COVID-19 might be promoting stockpiling behavior among females and those with no food worries (due to having sufficient money or resources). This if not properly managed could in the medium to long-term affect the food supply chain, food waste and exacerbate food worries problem especially for already food deprived homes. We discuss the policy implications.

  • 12.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Salome
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Surry, Yves
    Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Association between rural electrification and agricultural output: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa2022Ingår i: World Development Perspectives, ISSN 2452-2929, Vol. 25, artikel-id 100392Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the association between rural electrification and agricultural output at the macro level using panel data on 43 Sub-Saharan African countries from 1990 to 2016. We employed Fully Modified Ordinary Least Squares (FMOLS) with time trend and country fixed effect in our econometrics estimation to address the potential serial correlation. Our study investigates the following; i) the association between rural electrification and agricultural output, measured as agricultural output per GDP and agricultural output per worker, ii) whether the relationship between rural electrification and agricultural output is conditional on institutional quality of a country, and iii) whether electrification enhances the marginal effect of factor inputs. We find a positive significant association between rural electrification and agricultural output. Also, our result shows that the relationship between electrification and agricultural output is conditional on the quality of institution and factor inputs of a country. With the exception of capital, the association between the interaction term of rural electrification and factor inputs (labour and land), and agricultural output is negative. However, we find a higher positive direct relationship between labour and agricultural output per GDP, implying a higher productivity for those labour who remain in the sector. Our results are heterogenous across population size quartiles sub-samples.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Andersen, Mikael S.
    et al.
    Deptartment of Environmental Science, Aarhus University , Aarhus, Denmark.
    Christensen, Lotte D.
    Deptartment of Environmental Science, Aarhus University , Aarhus, Denmark.
    Donner‐Amnell, Jakob
    Department of Geographical and Historical Studies, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
    Eikeland, Per O.
    Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Lysaker, Norway.
    Hedeler, Barbara
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Hildingsson, Roger
    Department of Political Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Johansson, Bengt
    Department of Environmental and Energy Systems Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Khan, Jamil
    Department of Environmental and Energy Systems Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Kronsell, Annica
    School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Inderberg, Tor H.J.
    Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Lysaker, Norway.
    Nielsen, Helle Ø.
    Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    Pizzol, Massimo
    Department of Planning, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Sairinen, Rauno
    Department of Geographical and Historical Studies, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
    Skjærseth, Jon B.
    Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Lysaker, Norway.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Teräväinen, Tuula
    Department of Geographical and Historical Studies, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
    Thomsen, Marianne
    Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
    To facilitate a fair bioeconomy transition, stronger regional‐level linkages are needed2022Ingår i: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, ISSN 1932-104X, E-ISSN 1932-1031, Vol. 16, nr 4, s. 929-941Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The great hopes in Brussels that a circular bioeconomy will help bridge the growing divide between urban and rural areas and allow the hinterlands to prosper from ‘green growth’ are addressed in this article, which reflects on insights from three Nordic case studies of brown, green and blue biomass use at different levels of technology readiness. A closer examination of the forward, backward, fiscal and final demand linkages at regional level from increased biomass utilization, from eastern Finland and northern Sweden to Jutland and North Atlantic islands, suggests that linkages are and will remain relatively weak, predominantly dashing the expectations. As suppliers and exporters of natural resources, disadvantaged regions may all too easily get locked into a ‘staples trap’, where the value creation evaporates, due in part to the steep start-up costs and the associated boom-and-bust cycles, which place them in a weak position vis-à-vis the resource manufacturers and consumers. To make the prospects of development, employment and prosperity in the hinterlands materialize, measures are needed to strengthen the regional level economic linkages. Regional-level revolving funds based on benefit-sharing instruments related to natural resources can be used to bolster economic development as reflected in such schemes present in both China and Canada. We call for further research into whether and how such approaches can be replicated successfully by channeling revenues from biomass cultivation to regional-scale revolving funds, with mandates to strengthen long-term economic linkages and prosperity within the hinterlands.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden; Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, 2520, South Africa.
    Boonstra, Wiebren J.
    Natural Resources and Sustainable Development, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University, 752 36, Uppsala, Sweden.
    de la Torre Castro, Maricela
    Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hughes, Alice C.
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
    Ilstedt, Ulrik
    Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 901 83, Umeå, Sweden.
    Jernelöv, Arne
    Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Bengt-Gunnar
    Department of Natural Sciences, Mid Sweden University, 851 70, Sundsvall, Sweden; Department of Fish, Wildlife and Environmental Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 901 83, Umeå, Sweden.
    Kalantari, Zahra
    Department of Physical Geography and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Sustainable Development, Environmental Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Keskitalo, Carina
    Department of Geography, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden.
    Kritzberg, Emma
    Department of Biology, Lund University, 223 62, Lund, Sweden.
    Kätterer, Thomas
    Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    McNeely, Jeffrey A.
    Society for Conservation Biology Asia Section, Petchburi, Thailand.
    Mohr, Claudia
    Department of Environmental Science, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mustonen, Tero
    Snowchange Cooperative, Lehtoi, Finland.
    Ostwald, Madelene
    Department of Technology, Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, 412 96, Gothenburg, Sweden; Gothenburg Centre for Sustainable Development, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Reyes-Garcia, Victoria
    Institució Catalana de Recerca I Estudis Avançats (ICREA), 08010, Barcelona, Spain; Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB), 08193, Barcelona, Spain.
    Rusch, Graciela M.
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, 7485, Trondheim, Norway.
    Sanderson Bellamy, Angelina
    Department of Applied Sciences, University of the West of England at Bristol, Bristol, UK.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Tedengren, Michael
    Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Thomas, David N.
    University of Helsinki, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.
    Wulff, Angela
    Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Söderström, Bo
    The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, 104 05, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ambio fit for the 2020s2022Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 51, nr 5, s. 1091-1093Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Andersson, Martina
    et al.
    Department of Political Science, Umeå University, SE90187 Umeå, Sweden.
    Bostedt, Göran
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap. Department of Forest Economics, SLU, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sandström, Camilla
    Department of Political Science, Umeå University, SE90187 Umeå, Sweden.
    The role of Swedish forests in climate change mitigation - A frame analysis of conflicting interests2022Ingår i: Forest Policy and Economics, ISSN 1389-9341, E-ISSN 1872-7050, Vol. 144, artikel-id 102842Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Forests are assumed to play a significant role in relation to climate change mitigation. However, previous studies show that actor groups’ perspectives vary regarding how to best utilize forests. This paper focuses on exploring frames in recent Swedish forest- and climate politics and to what extent they may form the basis for conflict resolution or contribute to perpetuate conflicts among actors. The analysis of recent forest- and climate policies, and actor groups’ positioning on the issues, builds upon the pathways to sustainability approach in combination with frame analysis. The results showed that ideas based on “Ecological Modernisation” dominated within the forest-climate nexus, but also a clear presence of alternative frames promoting “Sustainable Development”. As a result, conflicting frames were identified within the policies on how to reach policy targets - stressing both the importance of consensus and neutral dialogue with actors, while concurrently prioritizing an economic perspective.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Lundmark, Robert
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Regionalekonomiska modeller för analys och planering: En kartläggning av modeller som relaterar till Raps2023Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Berglund, Christer
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    The mixed blessing of responsibility relief: An application to household recycling and curbside waste collection2023Ingår i: Frontiers in Environmental Economics, E-ISSN 2813-2823, Vol. 1, artikel-id 1081926Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the role of personal norms and warm glow in influencing households' waste recycling preferences. The purpose is to explore inter-household differences in the preferences toward the introduction of curbside recycling, which implies that households are relieved from the responsibility of transporting sorted waste to assigned drop-off stations. The main theoretical point of departure for the analysis is an existing model that integrates norm-motivated behavior into neoclassical utility theory. This builds on the assumption that the household members have preferences for upholding a self-image as responsible—norm-compliant—persons, and it also contains a warm-glow component. The empirical investigation relies on a postal survey to households in a Swedish municipality, and this asks households about their willingness-to-pay (WTP) for the introduction of a curbside recycling scheme, as well as about time use and the presence of personal norms and warm glow motives. The results are based on a Heckman selection specification and show that individuals expressing a strong personal norm for recycling are more likely to be willing to pay for curbside recycling, while those with strong warm glow motives are less likely to do so. This suggests the existence of a mixed blessing of responsibility relief. Curbside recycling implies that households are relieved from a moral responsibility that takes time away from leisure activities, but they also experience a loss in warm glow as such a scheme removes the possibility to pursue something that they have learned to appreciate. There could then exist ‘motivational inertia' making it difficult for policy makers to activate personal norms for new pro-environmental household activities in replacement of existing ones.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Norrbotten 2040 – Fyra explorativa scenarier för länet i ljuset av den gröna industriomvandlingen2023Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Bäckersten, Elin
    Sweco.
    Gullström, Charlie
    Sweco .
    Houltz, Anders
    Centrum för näringslivshistoria.
    Peix Geldart, Benito
    Centrum för näringslivshistoria.
    Sjöholm, Jennie
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Svensson, Tony
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Kulturarvet som strategisk resurs i den gröna omställningen i norr: målkonflikt eller möjlighet?2024Ingår i: Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0349-2834, E-ISSN 2002-3812, Vol. 86, s. 8-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln diskuterar kulturarvet i ljuset av den ’gröna omställning’ som svarar på EU:s mål och riktade finansiella satsningar för industriomvandlingen i norra Sverige. Det kan jämföras med den stora industriella omställningen vid 1900-talets början såväl genom att skapa nya möjligheter men också genom de målkonflikter som uppstår mellan nya och befintliga värden, både vad gäller naturförhållanden och ekonomi som kulturvärden och historiska lämningar av mänsklig verksamhet. Omställningen berör platser med en lång historia av mänskligt liv och arbete och som spelar en viktig roll för de som idag bor där och potentiellt för de som söker sig dit för att driva verksamhet eller för att bo, leva och arbeta. I många fall visar det sig svårt att ta denna potential tillvara av skäl som är strukturella, juridiska och politiska snarare än knutna till enskilda aktörer. Artikeln är författad av en multidisciplinär forskargrupp som använder ett praktikbaserat förhållningssätt och samskapande dialog för att undersöka hur förbättrade planeringsprocesser som tidigt involverar olika aktörer, intressen och expertis i förändringsprojekt kan bidra till att lösa målkonflikter och skapa möjligheter. Målkonflikter mellan exploatering och bevarandeintressen i samband med myndigheters och privata aktörers hantering av natur- och kulturmiljöer har länge varit i fokus för forskningen och artikeln syftar till att komplettera dessa perspektiv utifrån exempel som illustrerar möjligheter för att det fysiska kulturarvet ska ses som en strategisk historisk resurs i samhällsutvecklingen. En utgångspunkt är att kulturarv inte är statiskt utan värderas och omvärderas i en process där olika kulturvärden kan associeras med byggnader, platser och miljöer. Dessa kulturvärden förändras alltså över tid, och olika aktörer förhåller sig till dem på skiftande sätt. Genom processer som inbegriper förhandling med andra intressen kan landskap, platser, byggnader, föremål och deras användning förvandlas till kulturarv. Ett samskapande arbetssätt har möjliggjorts genom ett forsknings- och innovationsprojekt, finansierat av Vinnova, vilket genomförts genom en kombinerad metodansats med fallstudier, i projektet kallade lärcase, som ram för empiriska undersökningar och praktiskt genomförande. De lärcase som lyfts i denna artikel är dels Nautanen, en tidigare gruvmiljö i Norrbotten där nyetablering planeras av Boliden AB, dels Kvarnsvedens tidigare pappersbruk i Borlänge, där Northvolt etablerar en fabrik för produktion av bilbatterier vilket medfört rivning av en byggnad med konstaterade kulturhistoriska värden, den så kallade Bobergshallen. Med förslag till fortsatt forskning genom begreppsutveckling i en multidisciplinär och praktiknära kontext problematiserar artikeln begreppet cirkulär ekonomi i relation till kulturarvsfrågor och möjliggör att kulturarvet nyttjas som strategisk resurs i den gröna omställningen med förhoppning att realisera förväntningarna om grön nyindustralisering och attraktiva livsmiljöer.

  • 20.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Lépy, Élise
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Brännström, Malin
    Institute for Arctic Landscape Research, INSARC; Silvermuseet in Arjeplog, Sweden; Department of Law and the Arctic Research Centre at Umeå University, Sweden.
    Heikkinen, Hannu I.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Komu, Teresa
    Arctic centre in the University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland; University of Oulu, Finland.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Tourism Studies at the Centre for Tourism and Leisure Research, Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Österlin, Carl
    Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Heritage for the Future: Narrating Abandoned Mining Sites2022Ingår i: Resource Extraction and Arctic Communities: The New Extractivist Paradigm / [ed] Sverker Sörlin, Cambridge University Press, 2022, s. 206-228Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter compares the post-extraction dynamics of two mining regions in the Fennoscandinavian Arctic: the Pite valley, Sweden, and Kolari, Finland. In 1946 the Swedish mining company Boliden closed a mine in Laver, which became a ghost town. Decades later, state authorities tried to turn Laver into a cultural heritage site. Boliden joined the effort to support its plan to re-start mining at Laver, a project that has, however, become highly controversial. The Finnish case deals with a similar controversy. Hannukainen mining company wants to re-open an iron ore mine that was in operation 1975-1990. As part of their strategy to gain acceptance for re-opening, the company and supporters of the project have mobilized the history of the mining sites and argues mining is a core element of the heritage of the Kolar municipality. Both cases have generated tension regarding the type of history and heritage of these regions: those of reindeer herding by Sámi and other local communities, or that of extractive industries? The cases show that heritage making can be useful, but it can also be a source of conflict, further underscoring the importance of the long-term view of extraction.

  • 21.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Pashkevich, Albina
    Centre for Tourism and Leisure Studies, Dalarna University, Borlänge, Sweden.
    Rodon, Thierry
    Department of Political Science, Laval University, Quebec, Canada.
    The making and re-making of high modernist towns in the Circumpolar North2022Ingår i: The Extractive Industries and Society, ISSN 2214-790X, E-ISSN 2214-7918, Vol. 12, artikel-id 101191Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore the fate of high modernist architecture and settlement planning in the North, through the lens of mining towns in Sweden and Quebec. After WW2, cities across the world were subject to a wave of restructuring in accordance with high modernist ideals. The circumpolar north became the subject of some of the most radical examples, often described as utopian. In the Swedish Arctic, a renowned architect Ralph Erskine played a leading role. He combined functionalist principles, with ideas of creating settlements protecting inhabitants from harsh Arctic conditions, in harmony with the environment. Erskine...s ideas were implemented to a different extent in Kiruna and Svappavaara in north Sweden in the 1960's and in Fermont, Quebec, in the early 1970's. Our aim is to understand the challenges of creating industrial settlements in the Arctic, with the capacity to attract employees that are needed for resource extraction and other industries. While Erskine's architecture in Svappavaara and Kiruna will be demolished, the wall shaped town in Fermont is still intact and expanding. By comparing and highlighting differences, we call attention to the threat of demolition of legacies of an era that has yet to be defined as cultural heritage.

  • 22.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Rosqvist, Gunhild
    Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
    When Mines Go Silent: Exploring the Afterlives of Extraction Sites2021Ingår i: Nordic Perspectives on the Responsible Development of the Arctic: Pathways to Action / [ed] Nord, Douglas, Springer International Publishing , 2021, s. 349-367Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the characteristics of extractive industries, in the Arctic and elsewhere, is their sensitivity to fluctuations on world markets. When demand and prices are high companies expand operations and when they fall, companies tend to close extraction sites. Moreover, no ore body lasts forever. De-industrialisation poses particular challenges to communities in the Arctic, where distances are great, alternative economies few and where the environmental and social imprints of mining often are significant. How can communities that were developed based on extraction transition to post-extraction futures? This is a key question to pose when exploring how to achieve responsible development in the Arctic. This book chapter presents research within REXSAC exploring how mining communities in the Nordic Arctic has dealt with legacies of past mining operations and under which circumstances such legacies have been ascribed new values after extraction has ended. REXSAC has dealt with this research problem in an interdisciplinary way, combining methods and approaches from humanities, social- and natural sciences. The chapter will focus on this process of research and how it has generated insights in to three main post-extraction processes: environmental remediation, heritage making and re-economization.

  • 23.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap. Ájtte, Swedish Mountain and Sámi Museum, Jokkmokk, Sweden.
    The Legacy of Sweden’s Social Democratic State for Extractive Bargains with Indigenous Sámi Reindeer Herding Communities2023Ingår i: Extractive Bargains: Natural Resources and the State-Society Nexus / [ed] Paul Bowles & Nathan Andrews, Springer Nature , 2023, 1, s. 75-96Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores how the Swedish state justifies its extractive bargains with Indigenous Sámi reindeer herding communities (RHCs). The conflict over the Kallak/Gállok mine project in northern Sweden serves as an example. The chapter explores the logic underlying the Swedish state’s contemporary extractive bargaining strategies in light of a policy style moulded by historical social democratic politics. A corporatist and consensus-oriented policy style and a productivist approach assuming win-wins between social rights, equality and economic growth permeated historical Swedish bargains. Currently, Sweden justifies its bargains with climate benefits, but the former social democratic legacy created path dependencies which continue to shape extractive bargains today. While this approach has served the needs of the industry, the state and the working class, it severely compromises the needs of Indigenous Sámi RHCs. Applied in a pro-extractivist political economy with little concern for Indigenous rights, it maintains and reinforces social injustices.

  • 24.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Allard, Christina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Poelzer, Gregory A
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Poelzer, Greg
    University of Saskatchewan.
    Frimpong, Rosette
    University of Saskatchewan.
    Noble, Bram
    University of Saskatchewan.
    Wilson, Gary
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    Bowles, Paul
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    McPhail, Fiona
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    Gruvindustri och urfolk: Rättigheter, regelverk och arbetssätt: En jämförelse mellan Sverige och Kanada i syfte att lära2022Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    bilaga
  • 25.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Allard, Christina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Poelzer, Gregory A
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Poelzer, Greg
    University of Saskatchewan.
    Frimpong, Rosette
    University of Saskatchewan.
    Noble, Bram
    University of Saskatchewan.
    Wilson, Gary
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    Bowles, Paul
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    McPhail, Fiona
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    Ruvkeindustriija ja vuoigatvuođat, njuolggausat ja bargovierut: Buohtastahttin Ruoŧa ja Kanada gaskkas oahppama váras2022Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    bilaga
  • 26.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Allard, Christina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Poelzer, Gregory A
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Poelzer, Greg
    University of Saskatchewan.
    Frimpong, Rosette
    University of Saskatchewan.
    Noble, Bram
    University of Saskatchewan.
    Wilson, Gary
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    Bowles, Paul
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    McPhail, Fiona
    University of Northern British Columbia.
    What’s in a Social License to Mine?: Indigenous rights, rules and company-community engagement: Learning from Canadian – Swedish comparison2022Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    bilaga
  • 27.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderberg, Charlotta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Lukina, Natalia
    Centre for Forest Ecology and Productivity of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia.
    Tebenkova, Daria
    Centre for Forest Ecology and Productivity of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia.
    Pecurul, Mireia
    Forest Science and Technology Centre of Catalonia, Spain.
    Pülzl, Helga
    European Forest Institute, Finland.
    Sotirov, Metodi
    Chair of Forest and Environmental Policy, University of Freiburg, Germany.
    Widmark, Camilla
    Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
    Clash or concert in European forests? Integration and coherence of forest ecosystem service–related national policies2023Ingår i: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 129, artikel-id 106617Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares how forest ecosystem service–related policies are integrated in different national European forest governance contexts. Efforts to achieve policy integration at the EU and national levels are often described in terms of limited success. Our analysis of forest, energy/bioeconomy, climate, and conservation policies suggests that notions of progress or failure merit careful assessment. Combining theories of policy integration (PI), environmental policy integration (EPI), and policy coherence, we argue that integration outcomes depend on the combined effects of the degree and nature of PI, EPI, and multilevel coherence in the context of the prevailing forest governance system. The nature of the interdependencies, specifically anticipated synergies, and the scope of FES-related climate objectives, are crucial. Realizing the range of FES-related objectives entails safeguarding objectives not synergistically aligned with economic aims. Failures to safeguard biodiversity and regulating and cultural ecosystem services in the process of integration may have far-reaching consequences.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Beland Lindahl, Karin
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap. Ájtte – the Swedish Mountain and Sámi Museum, Jokkmokk, Sweden.
    Wilson, Gary N.
    Department of Political Science, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, BC, Canada.
    Allard, Christina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Poelzer, Greg
    School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
    To Approve or not to Approve? A Comparative Analysis of State-Company-Indigenous Community Interactions in Mining in Canada and Sweden2024Ingår i: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 73, nr 5, s. 946-961Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This Special Section explores the interplay between Indigenous peoples, industry, and the state in five proposed and active mining projects in Canada and Sweden. The overall aim is to identify factors shaping the quality of Indigenous community-industry-state interactions in mining and mine development. An ambition underlying the research is to develop knowledge to help manage mining related land-use conflicts in Sweden by drawing on Canadian comparisons and experience. This paper synthesizes the comparative research that has been conducted across jurisdictions in three Canadian provinces and Sweden. It focuses on the interplay between the properties of the governance system, the quality of interaction and governance outcomes. We combine institutional and interactive governance theory and use the concept of governability to assess how and why specific outcomes, such as mutually beneficial interaction, collaboration, or opposition, occurred. The analysis suggests there are measures that can be taken by the Swedish Government to improve the governability of mining related issues, by developing alternative, and more effective, avenues to recognize, and protect, Sámi rights and culture, to broaden the scope and increase the legitimacy and transparency of the EIAs, to raise the quality of interaction and consultation, and to develop tools to actively stimulate and support collaboration and partnerships on equal terms. Generally, we argue that Indigenous community responses to mining must be understood within a larger framework of Indigenous self-determination, in particular the communities’ own assessments of their opportunities to achieve their long-term objectives using alternative governing modes and types of interactions.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Bellerud, Carl
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Norrbottens roll i samhällsekonomin: en kritisk granskning av regionala indikatorer samt några lärdomar för framtiden2021Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Bennerhag, Carina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Steel Making Hunter-Gatherers in Ancient Arctic Europe2023Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on findings made by Norrbotten County Museum around 2010 in the vicinity of Sangis in Arctic Sweden of advanced iron and steel production in a hunter-gatherer setting dated to the pre-Roman Iron Age (c. 200-50 BC), the aim of the present thesis is twofold. First, with a focus on know-how/established process stages, it investigates the possible wider geographical distribution of such production in the Arctic European area. The analysis is based on archaeometallurgical methods applied to materials from previously conducted and new surveys/excavations. Second, the aim is also to analyze the probable social/organizational conditions for the adaptation of iron and steel production among the ancient Arctic hunter-gatherer groups. The results are of breakthrough character, revealing an extensive spatial distribution of advanced iron and steel production at more than 40 sites in present-day northernmost Finland, Sweden, and Norway more than 2000 years ago (i.e., contemporary, and even partly prior to the Romans). The geographical spread of advanced and early iron technology which emerges through the results fundamentally challenges traditional perceptions of the emergence of ferrous metallurgy, especially when societies traditionally considered as less complex/highly mobile are addressed. Hence, iron- and steel production necessitated long-term organization/balancing with other subsistence activities in the collected rhythm of activities in the strongly seasonally influenced (climate-wise) landscape of the ancient Arctic hunter-gatherer communities. In addition to advanced knowledge, the new metal-related activities required significant supplies of raw materials (including their extraction, transportation, preparation, and storage) and thus (related) manpower. Overall, the results imply we ought to significantly broaden the perspectives of the ancient Arctic hunter-gatherer communities in terms of specialization and complex organization far beyond the traditional interpretative paradigm labeling prehistoric iron technology in the European Arctic as small-scale, dependent on imports, and underdeveloped or archaic. Also, because some parts of the process, like the necessary production of charcoal, required multi-year planning, the adaptation and investment of iron technology in the rhythm of activities in the landscape logistically bound the communities to specific locations in the landscape, thus implying reduced residential mobility, i.e.,  a higher degree of sedentism than previously recognized for these groups. The research process forming the basis of this thesis (conducted by a small group of archaeologists, archaeometallurgists, and historians of technology) was strongly characterized by the fact the results are completely at odds with both the larger international and Arctic European literature, implying both weak support for the interpretation of our results and perceived need for pin-pointing hidden assumptions in earlier research in order to “make room” for our results. In addition, the process was characterized by the fact that it took place in (and the ancient findings were made within) a region strongly marked by ethnopolitical forces and groups striving for identity building, where history (and particularly ancient findings) often gets to play a central role.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    Svensk sammanfattning
  • 31.
    Bennerhag, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Grandin, Lena
    Archaeologists, National Historical Museums, Sweden.
    Hjärtner-Holdar, Eva
    Archaeologists, National Historical Museums, Sweden.
    Stilborg, Ole
    Archaeological Research Lab, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Hunter-gatherer metallurgy in the Early Iron Age of Northern Fennoscandia2021Ingår i: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 95, nr 384, s. 1511-1526Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of ferrous metallurgy in ancient communities of the Circumpolar North is poorly understood due, in part, to the widespread assumption that iron technology was a late introduction, passively received by local populations. Analyses of two recently excavated sites in northernmost Sweden, however, show that iron technology already formed an integral part of the hunter-gatherer subsistence economy in Northern Fennoscandia during the Iron Age (c. 200-50 BC). Such developed knowledge of steel production and complex smithing techniques finds parallels in contemporaneous continental Europe and Western Eurasia. The evidence presented raises broader questions concerning the presence of intricate metallurgical processes in societies considered less complex or highly mobile. 

  • 32.
    Bennerhag, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Hagström Yamamoto, Sara
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Towards a Broader Understanding of the Emergence of Iron Technology in Prehistoric Arctic Fennoscandia2023Ingår i: Cambridge Archaeological Journal, ISSN 0959-7743, E-ISSN 1474-0540, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 265-279Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article critically examines interpretations of Old World ferrous metallurgical developments with reference to their consequences for Arctic Fennoscandian iron research. The traditional paradigm of technological innovations recurrently links the emergence of iron technology to increasing social complexity and a sedentary agricultural lifestyle, typically downplaying ‘peripheral’ areas such as Arctic Fennoscandia and its hunter-gatherer communities. Even in postcolonial research of recent years, the archaeometallurgical record of Arctic Fennoscandia is interpreted and organized within the traditional frameworks on the time, course, and cultural context of the introduction of iron technology in Europe, where Arctic Fennoscandia is not considered to have any noteworthy role. However, current archaeological research with new data in Arctic Fennoscandia disputes prevailing ideas in European iron research and shows substantial evidence that iron technology was an integrated part of hunter-gatherer subsistence already during the Early Iron Age (c. 200 BC). Archaeometallurgical analyses reveal advanced knowledge in all the operational sequences of iron technology, including bloomery steel production and the mastering of advanced smithing techniques. Therefore, we urge dispensing with traditional ideas and call for an increased interest in the underlying mechanisms for the transfer of iron.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Bennerhag, Carina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderholm, Kristina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Ancient Arctic European Hunter-Gatherer Steelmakers in the LimelightManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents results seriously challenging conventional frameworks on the time, course, and cultural context for the introduction of iron and steel in Europe, these for the major narrative of the development of civilizations indeed important metals. It concerns 2000-year-old finds from as many as 42 different sites across the national borders of present-day northernmost Norway, Finland, and Sweden in Arctic Europe, of advanced iron and steel production (i.e., contemporary with Roman steel production) within the hitherto unthinkable cultural context of hunter-gatherers. Due to insufficient frameworks for the undersigned as historian and archaeologist to interpret these findings through, we used archeometric analyses in combination with an arctic climate- and landscape/taskscape lens to reach new insights into the ancient arctic iron- and steel-making hunter-gatherers. These turned out to be particularly fruitful perspectives for gaining insights into the previously overall weakly explored social/organizational aspects of early ironmaking, as well as for the overall inadequately explored ancient arctic hunter-gatherers. We urge other historians and archaeologists to use similar methods to possibly uncover additional (“unthinkable”) locations/regions with advanced and early metalworking.

  • 34.
    Berglund, Christer
    et al.
    Vattenfall Distribution AB, Luleå, Sweden.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Hage, Olle
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Recycling, Norms and Convenience: A Bivariate Probit Analysis of Household Data from a Swedish City2022Ingår i: Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, E-ISSN 2624-9634, Vol. 4, artikel-id 875811Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to investigate the role of norms and convenience for households' packaging waste sorting activities. The theoretical point of departure is a simple economic model that integrates norm-motivated behavior into neoclassical utility theory by assuming that the individual has a preference for maintaining a self-image as a morally responsible (norm-compliant) person. The empirical analysis rests on survey responses from 398 households in the city of Eskilstuna, Sweden. Self-reported information on recycling contributions and personal norms is analyzed in a bivariate probit model, which estimates the probability of pursuing high-performing recycling efforts as an endogenously determined decisions to the activation of a personal norm for waste sorting. The results suggest that norm activation is an important driver for households' recycling contributions, as is convenience in the form of access to property-close collection schemes. Personal norms are in turn primarily activated by the presence of social, legal, and descriptive norms. One important implication is that policy needs to build on well-aligned policy instrument mixes that combine references to the moral significance of households' recycling contributions with various infrastructural measures that facilitate such contributions.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Blomberg, Jerry
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Klevhill, Malou Larsson
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Lindman, Åsa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Sevä, Mikael
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    En studie om genomförandet av Agenda 2030 i Norrbottens län2021Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 36.
    Blomquist, Johan
    et al.
    AgriFood Economics Centre, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Persson, Lars
    Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics, Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sweden.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Waldo, Staffan
    AgriFood Economics Centre, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Samhällsekonomiska begrepp i yrkes- och fritidsfiske2022Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 37.
    Bostedt, Göran
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap. Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden; Umeå School of Business, Economics and Statistics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Center for Environmental and Resource Economics, CERE, Umeå, Sweden.
    Knutsson, Per
    School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Muricho, Deborah
    Department of Land Resource Management & Agricultural Technology (LARMAT), University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Mureithi, Stephen
    Department of Land Resource Management & Agricultural Technology (LARMAT), University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Wredle, Ewa
    Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Gert
    Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
    Adaptive pastoralists—Insights into local and regional patterns in livelihood adaptation choices among pastoralists in Kenya2023Ingår i: Pastoralism, E-ISSN 2041-7136, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Pastoralist adaptation strategies have to address multiple, overlapping, and often inter-related processes of socio-ecological change. The present study addresses the need for inter-regional comparative studies that account for different geographic, climate, and socio-economic contexts in order to understand how pastoralists adapt to changes in livelihood conditions. The paper uses data from a unique survey study of pastoralist households in four neighbouring counties in dryland Kenya. Taking our point of departure from an empirically based classification of the livelihood strategies available to pastoralists in the Horn of Africa, the survey offers novel insights into adaptation and fodder management strategies of pastoralist individuals and households. The results show that the use of migration as a strategy is more dependent on the ability to migrate than climate conditions. This is the case in localities where a substantial part of the land is subdivided, the population density is high, and where opportunities for migration are subsequently restricted. Diversification of livelihoods as a strategy is largely defined by opportunity. Intensification through active fodder management is mainly common in areas where there has been a proliferation of managed enclosures. Climate change will test the adaptive capacity of pastoralists in the studied region, and diversification and intensification strategies of both herd composition and livelihoods can be seen as strategies for increased climate resilience.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 38.
    Bostedt, Göran
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap. Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden; Umeå School of Business and Economics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Center for Environmental and Resource Economics, CERE, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sandorf, Erlend Dancke
    School of Economics and Business, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.
    Mureithi, Stephen M.
    Department of Land Resource Management & Agricultural Technology (LARMAT), University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Muricho, Deborah N.
    Department of Land Resource Management & Agricultural Technology (LARMAT), University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.
    Unravelling the pastoralist paradox - preferences for land tenure security and flexibility in Kenya2023Ingår i: Environment and Development Economics, ISSN 1355-770X, E-ISSN 1469-4395, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 242-264Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we use a discrete choice experiment conducted among pastoralists in four different semi-arid counties in Kenya characterized by different land tenure regimes to analyze how pastoralists make tradeoffs between tenure security and grazing flexibility - the so-called pastoralist paradox. Results show that there is one group of respondents who are desperate for change and seem to prefer either group or private title deeds to their current situation. A second, smaller group has strong preferences for the status quo, which could be driven by their relatively short migration distances. Concerning index-based livestock insurance, the basis risk suffered by insured pastoralists due to underprediction is high, but willingness to pay (WTP) for livestock insurance should still be high enough to ensure maximum uptake, leaving current low uptakes hard to explain. The worry about climate change is high but does not translate into increased WTP for more secure tenure or formal livestock insurance.

  • 39.
    Bryngemark, Elina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    The Economics of Biofuel Development: Policy Incentives and Market Impacts2021Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the economics of biofuel development by studying the forest raw material market impacts of increased biofuel production, as well as the role of specific policy incentives. Paper [I] presents an economic assessment of two different developments – both implying an increased demand for forest ecosystem services – and how these could affect the competition for forest raw materials. A Swedish forest sector trade model is updated to a new base year and used to analyze the consequences of: (a) increased bioenergy use in the heat and power sector; and (b) increased forest conservation. A particularly interesting market impact is that bioenergy promotion and forest conservation tend to have opposite effects on forest industry by-product prices. Furthermore, combining the two scenarios mitigates the forest industry by-product price increase compared to the case where only the bioenergy-promoting scenario is implemented. In other words, the heat and power sector is less negatively affected in terms of increased feedstock prices if a bioenergy demand increase is accompanied by increased forest conservation. Paper [2] explores the forest product market impacts of increased domestic second-generation (2G) biofuel production in Sweden. Changes in forest raw material prices and resource allocation are assessed using a forest sector trade model, which has been extended with a 2G biofuel module to address such production. The simulation results show increasing forest industry by-product prices, e.g., displaying that increased 2G biofuel production leads to a more intense raw material competition. The higher feedstock prices make the use of forest biomass in the heat and power sector less profitable. Still, we find little evidence of substitution of fossil fuels for by-products. There is also evidence of synergy effects in that the higher by-product prices spur sawmills to produce more sawn wood, something which in turn induces forest owners to increase harvest levels. Paper [3] presents and demonstrates a conceptual interdisciplinary framework that can constitute the basis for evaluations of the full supply-chain performance of various biorefinery concepts. The framework involves soft-linking a bottom-up and a top-down model; it considers the competition for biomass across sectors, assumes exogenous end-use product demand, and incorporates various geographical and technical constraints. We demonstrate this framework empirically by modelling the case of a sawmill-integrated biorefinery, which produces liquefied biomethane from forest industry residues. This case shows, among other things, the importance of acknowledging price change responses when evaluating supply chains. Paper [4] studies the relationship between green industrial policies and domestic biofuel production among 24 OECD countries over the period 2000-2016. This panel is estimated using a variant of the so-called Poisson pseudo-maximum-likelihood model, and incorporates the mix of demand-pull (biofuel blending mandates) and technology-push policies (government R&D), as well as the interaction between these two types of instruments. The results suggest that a more stringent blending mandate tends not only to increase the use of biofuels, but also domestic production. Government R&D has not, however, induced domestic biofuel industrialization processes. The results instead imply that these two polices target different technological fields, in turn leading to no positive interaction between demand-pull and technology-push policies. Finally, Paper [5] investigates the factors that tend to influence Swedish municipalities’ uptake of green public procurement (GPP) practices in the transport sector. The analysis builds on survey responses from civil servants representing 140 Swedish municipalities, complemented by secondary data on, for instance, municipality size. The survey collected information about both individual (e.g., education) and organizational characteristics (e.g., strategies). These data were used to estimate a bivariate probit model, which addresses the endogeneity in the GPP decision-making process. The results indicate that municipality size increases the likelihood of adopting a GPP strategy but decreases the likelihood for GPP uptake. This suggests that larger municipalities benefit from more resources (e.g., staff), but suffer from a larger organizational distance between the procuring and environmental departments. Finally, the results lend meagre support to the street-level bureaucracy hypothesis, i.e., that individual characteristics influence the uptake of GPP.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 40.
    Bryngemark, Elina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Stage, Jesper
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Ekonomiska effekter av vindkraftpark Eystrasalt Offshore på yrkesfisket2022Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är ett underlag till miljökonsekvensbeskrivningen för Eystrasaltprojektet och studerar vindkraftparkens inverkan på det svenska och finska yrkesfisket. Detta görs dels i termer av effekter på nationell ekonomisk aktivitet (förädlingsvärde och sysselsättning), och dels i termer av påverkan på enskilda fiskares situation (tillgång till fångstområden och påverkan på lönsamhet). 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Bryngemark, Elina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Green industrial policies and domestic production of biofuels: an econometric analysis of OECD countries2022Ingår i: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 225-261Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between green industrial policies and domestic biofuel production among OECD countries. The analysis builds on a data set including 24 OECD countries over the time period 2000–2016. This panel is estimated using a variant of the so-called Poisson pseudo-maximum-likelihood model and includes the mix of demand-pull (biofuel blending mandates) and technology-push policies (government R&D), as well as the interaction between these two types of instruments. The results suggest a positive relationship between blending mandates and domestic biofuel production. Thus, a more stringent blending mandate does not only increase the use of biofuels, but also domestic production (as a share of total fuel use). Government R&D has not, however, induced domestic biofuel industrialization processes. The results even suggest a negative interaction effect between government R&D and blending mandates, in turn implying that these two polices target different technological fields. The blending mandates tend to primarily favor commercialized first-generation biofuels, while government support to biofuel R&D has instead been focused on advanced biofuel technology.

  • 42.
    Bryngemark, Elina
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderholm, Patrik
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Thörn, Martina
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    The adoption of green public procurement practices: Analytical challenges and empirical illustration on Swedish municipalities2023Ingår i: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 204, artikel-id 107655Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to investigate the determinants of the adoption of green public procurement (GPP) practices at the local authority level. A conceptual contribution of the paper is an analytical framework, which acknowledges that the adoption of green criteria in tenders should be modelled as a conditionally independent decision from the decision to rely on GPP strategies (guidelines). This approach can help provide novel insights into how various political, organizational, and individual characteristics influence GPP. The paper provides an empirical illustration by concentrating on the role of organizational size. This analysis is based on survey responses from civil servants representing 140 Swedish municipalities. The results are based on the bivariate ordered probit estimator and suggest that large municipalities are more likely to rely on GPP strategies but also less prone to adopt green criteria in tenders when controlling for the presence of such strategies. In large organizations, the centralization of the procurement implies efficiency gains, but it will often be accompanied with longer organizational distances between the procuring and the environmental departments. The paper also highlights the wider implications of the proposed framework, including how future research on GPP practices could approach the role of various political and individual factors.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 43.
    Brännström, Malin
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap. Silvermuseet in Arjeplog, and the Institute for Arctic Landscape Research (INSARC), Sweden.
    The implementation of Sámi land rights in the Swedish Forestry Act2023Ingår i: The Significance of Sámi Rights: Law, Justice, and Sustainability for the Indigenous Sámi in the Nordic Countries / [ed] Dorothée Cambou; Øyvind Ravna, Taylor and Francis , 2023, 1, s. 101-115Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Buchholz, Peter
    et al.
    DERA, Berlin, Germany.
    Ericsson, Magnus
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Steinbach, Volker
    Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover, Germany.
    Breakthrough technologies and innovations along the mineral raw materials supply chain - towards a sustainable and secure supply INTRODUCTION2022Ingår i: Mineral Economics, ISSN 2191-2203, E-ISSN 2191-2211, Vol. 35, nr 3-4, s. 345-347Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 45.
    Chiwona-Karltun, Linley
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7012, 75007, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Franklin
    University of Gothenburg, Box 645, 405 30, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Wamala-Larsson, Caroline
    Institute of Computer and Systems Sciences -SPIDER, DSV, Stockholm University, Postbox 7003, 164 07, Kista, Sweden.
    Amuakwa-Mensah, Salome
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Hatab, Assem Abu
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7012, 75007, Uppsala, Sweden. Department of Economics & Rural Development, Arish University, Al-Arish, Egypt.
    Made, Nolwandle
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7012, 75007, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Kanuma Taremwa, Nathan
    College of Agriculture, Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine (CAVM), University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda.
    Melyoki, Lemayon
    University of Dar es Salaam Business School, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Kinunda Rutashobya, Lettice
    University of Dar es Salaam Business School, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    Madonsela, Thulisile
    Faculty of Law Trust Chair in Social Justice, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Lourens, Marna
    Faculty of Law Trust Chair in Social Justice, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Stone, Wendy
    Faculty of Law Trust Chair in Social Justice, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Bizoza, Alfred R.
    College of Agriculture, Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine (CAVM), University of Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda.
    COVID-19: From health crises to food security anxiety and policy implications2021Ingår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 50, nr 4, s. 794-811Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Like the rest of the world, African countries are reeling from the health, economic and social effects of COVID-19. The continent’s governments have responded by imposing rigorous lockdowns to limit the spread of the virus. The various lockdown measures are undermining food security, because stay at home orders have among others, threatened food production for a continent that relies heavily on agriculture as the bedrock of the economy. This article draws on quantitative data collected by the GeoPoll, and, from these data, assesses the effect of concern about the local spread and economic impact of COVID-19 on food worries. Qualitative data comprising 12 countries south of the Sahara reveal that lockdowns have created anxiety over food security as a health, economic and human rights/well-being issue. By applying a probit model, we find that concern about the local spread of COVID-19 and economic impact of the virus increases the probability of food worries. Governments have responded with various efforts to support the neediest. By evaluating the various policies rolled out we advocate for a feminist economics approach that necessitates greater use of data analytics to predict the likely impacts of intended regulatory relief responses during the recovery process and post-COVID-19.

  • 46.
    Collins, Gabriel
    et al.
    Mineral and Energy Economics Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA; Payne Institute for Public Policy, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA.
    Dahl, Carol A.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap. Mineral and Energy Economics Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA; Payne Institute for Public Policy, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA.
    Fleming, Maxwell
    Mineral and Energy Economics Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA; Payne Institute for Public Policy, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA.
    Tanner, Michael
    Mineral and Energy Economics Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA.
    Martin, Wilson C.
    Mineral and Energy Economics Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA.
    Nadkarni, Kabir
    Payne Institute for Public Policy, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA.
    Hastings-Simon, Sara
    Payne Institute for Public Policy, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA; Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; School of Public Policy, Sustainable Energy Development Program, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
    Bazilian, Morgan
    Payne Institute for Public Policy, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA.
    Projecting demand for mineral-based critical materials in the energy transition for electricity2024Ingår i: Mineral Economics, ISSN 2191-2203, E-ISSN 2191-2211Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 47.
    Dahlberg, Moa
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Shared Authority – More Capacity: Hybrid Governance of National Parks in Southern Africa2024Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A state's ability to establish and enforce collective rules is central to its ability to govern. How states can increase their capacity to achieve this in areas where local actors – such as traditional authorities in Africa –are central structures is therefore occupying both researchers and practitioners. I contribute to this growing body of literature by focusing on the de facto interactions between state- and traditional authorities. Based on extensive fieldwork, I study how hybrid governance arrangements with traditional authorities influence the state's capacity to govern through the perceptions and experiences of park- and traditional authorities and local inhabitants in National Park governance in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park and Conservation Area. The findings align with previous scholarships, showing that states can increase their capacity by sharing authority with traditional authorities. I show that park authorities actively interact with traditional authorities to increase their capacity to establish and enforce conservation rules. Negotiations and informal practices harmonize rules, mitigate conflicts, and combine formal and customary enforcement systems, thus strengthening the state system. The thesis underlines that to understand the capacity of the modern African state, we need to include the informal governance practices with local actors in our analyses.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Dahlberg, Moa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Sandström, Annica
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Social networks that shape conservation outcomes2024Ingår i: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 151, artikel-id 103616Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the role of park rangers’ social networks in two national parks in Sub-Saharan Africa and suggests that the way that actors connect shape conservation outcomes. We do this against the backdrop of how conservation worldwide has moved away from state-centric top-down approaches towards management structures that includes a wide range of stakeholders spanning multiple administrative levels and sectors. This trend entails challenges as well as opportunities for conservation management. The theoretical framework of the study is given by social capital theory and the notion that the structure of social networks – more specifically the three network features of bonding, bridging, and linking – relate to the presence of institutional trust and rule compliance. The findings indicate that the structure of social networks, in particular the different forms of social capital in those networks, matters for the way they function. The result indicates that bridging and linking ties positively relate to institutional trust and rule compliance. These social networks form a basis for building institutional trust in areas where trust towards government tends to be low. Managers should think about these structures when they implement conservation policy. We recommend to 1) foster structures where park rangers connect to a wide range of actors and thus resources, information, and knowledge 2) include park rangers in the decision making for a more efficient and sustainable management, and 3) build bridges that reach the local communities to facilitate institutional trust and encourage voluntary compliance.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Dahlberg, Moa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Söderberg, Charlotta
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Nuancing the spheres of authority of chiefs: State perspectives on hybrid governance2024Ingår i: Governance. An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions, ISSN 0952-1895, E-ISSN 1468-0491, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 579-597Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we develop a framework for understanding the different spheres of authority of chiefs aiming to widen the perspectives on how government-chief interactions affect the governance process. The framework is applied in our analysis of interviews with government actors involved in area protection in the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area (GLTFCA). Our results illustrate the variety of approaches and perceptions towards governance with chiefs that exist amongst government actors within the same governance system. Although government actors perceive chiefs in the GLTFCA as a parallel system, chiefs can act as a rival, mediator, adviser, or partner to the government; thus, both enable or hamper government governance.  The informal governance arrangements found in the data between government actors and chiefs moreover underscores the importance of qualitative case studies of hybrid governance systems.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Dahlberg, Moa
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.
    Thapar-Björkert, Suruchi
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Conceptualizing xenophobia as structural violence in the lives of refugee women in Gauteng, South Africa2023Ingår i: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 46, nr 12, s. 2768-2790Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights the embeddedness of xenophobia in institutions through a theoretical but empirically under-researched concept of structural violence. Drawing on in-depth qualitative interview data with refugee women in Gauteng, South Africa, we explore the empirical utility of the concept of structural violence in shaping refugee women’s everyday experiences of xenophobia through three analytical themes: (a) unequal access to resources (b) constrained agency and (c) dehumanization. While keeping an empirical grip on experiential narratives on xenophobia, we draw attention to three public institutions that enhance the vulnerability of those already vulnerable: The Department of Home Affairs, The South African Police Service and Public Hospitals. Our paper elucidates how refugee women experience xenophobia and how they manage their “everyday” in these circumstances- an aspect that remains underdeveloped in existing research.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
123456 1 - 50 av 265
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf